Interpreting your DNA is not simple. It’s complicated, complex, somewhat inaccurate but it is useful. Autosomal DNA tests allow you to connect with others within the past 200 years while Y or mtDNA testing will take you back thousands of years. With some careful analysis and with some real DNA results – all of the tests provide information. You just need to know how to find it.
I used these charts below that I found on a few different websites and they have been very useful and visually informative. There are many people who are interested in genetic genealogy and all of them will tell you the same thing, you still need to confirm what you find with the proper paper trail of documents.
Connections you make can confirm a place or a surname. The connection might not be close (if at all) but it does help. Pointing you in the right direction if you only had a name but did not know the country or a location within the country.
I am slowly putting more puzzle pieces in place with this data and now have some insight as where to look and who to look for to complete the family tree.
Testing your relatives is very valuable and can confirm or reject a possible match. You and a close family member will not have the same identical DNA. Comparing you and a family member to other matches can help understand where your matches connect(maternal or paternal) and bring you closer to understanding the connection and value the match provides.
Goal: Visit the right part of the county or in some cases the right country altogether. Goal: identify at least 4th greats or better.
Sometimes surnames are so common that finding ancestors can be difficult. The spelling of the name changes greatly from the first immigrant ancestor to the whim of a census taker to the origin of the name over hundreds of years as it traverses different countries to finally find a HOME leaving many with the name in its path.
Sometimes one letter can make the difference from where a person hails. Having said that, here are a few I could find and confirm the name origins with genealogical paperwork.